Lomaki Pueblo

Historic Building Fact Sheet

lomaki pueblo historic structure

The Lomaki Pueblo site is stands near the edge of Box Canyon in Wuptaki National Monument. (Nov. 2011) Photo Credit: Ken Lund

Need to Know Info

Built1100 (approximate)
AddressLomaki Pueblo
Wupatki National Monument, Arizona
Coordinates35°34’46.5″N 111°28’04.9″W
Date Added to NRHPOctober 15, 1966 (as part of Wupatki National Monument)

The 9-room Lomaki Pueblo was constructed in the 12th century CE along a fertile high-desert canyon as the region witnessed a major population boom following the eruption of nearby Sunset Crater volcano.

Today, stabilized ruins of Lomaki stand within Wuptaki National Monument alongside many comparable sites, offering architectural insight into the cultural heritage of Ancestral Puebloan peoples with no reconstruction required.

Lomaki is open to the public and accessible via a half-mile round-trip walk on a gravel path.

The In-Depth Story

Lomaki Pueblo: Remnant of Life on a Canyon’s Edge

A Hopi name meaning “Beautiful House”, Lomaki Pueblo was constructed of local limestone and sandstone during the last decade of the 12th century, according to archaeological estimates. This structure originally contained nine adjacent rooms and had both interior and exterior walls coated in plaster. While no original plaster remains on the present-day ruins, other architectural elements provide insight into the pueblo’s former grandeur. Remnants of other stone wall constructions can be spotted atop nearby mesas, indicating that Lomaki was once part of a thriving community network that extended for miles. At its peak, this network traded goods with other Puebloan groups several hundreds of miles away.

Lomaki Pueblo was constructed by Ancestral Puebloan peoples at least as early as 1100 CE, though the precise year is difficult to determine. Beginning soon after the eruption and ashfall from nearby Sunset Crater volcano between 1040 and 1100 CE, a major influx of Puebloan peoples migrated to the region that is now Wupatki National Monument. This migration corresponded with improved agricultural productivity stemming from the nutrient-rich volcanic soil. With an enhanced ability to retain water and bolster crop yields, the area witnessed an estimated 2,000 new inhabitants arriving in the century following Sunset Crater’s eruption. Lomaki Pueblo’s construction likely coincided with this rapid population boom.

Lomaki Pueblo was intentionally constructed along a small canyon now called Box Canyon. This high-desert gorge features steep, protective cliff sides which shielded inhabitants from potential intruders. The Box Canyon floor provided highly fertile growing space used by Lomaki residents to cultivate vital crops, while the small canyon’s steep, protective cliffs shielded their fields from potential intruders.

Today, Lomaki Pueblo is preserved alongside myriad other Ancestral Puebloan dwellings and sites within the boundaries of Wuptaki National Monument. While Lomaki itself features intact original architecture requiring only stabilization, no reconstruction or restoration work has occurred out of respect for the site’s inherent heritage value. Though abandoned centuries ago, Lomaki Pueblo’s remaining foundations stand testament to the impressive ingenuity and industriousness of Ancestral Puebloan culture.

NRHP Reference #: 66000175